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Assignment代寫范文|英國職業教育

來源:網絡整理? ? 作者:留學生活網? ? 發布時間:2019-05-15 14:26? ? 閱讀: 次? ? 文章分類:范文參考

文章關鍵詞:Assignment代寫范文


文章導讀:本文是一片優秀Assignment代寫范文,這篇范文主要討論了英國的職業教育。...
  本文是一片優秀Assignment代寫范文,這篇范文主要討論了英國的職業教育。18世紀60年代,以蒸汽機的發明和應用為主要標志的第一次工業革命首先在英國開始,轟轟烈烈的產業革命使英國從一個落后的農業國變成了先進的工業國。作為當時工業最發達的國家,英國似乎無可厚非地應該擁有一個與生產力發展相適應的健全的職業教育體系,也不可否認,英國的工業革命確實點燃了職業教育之火。但英國的職業教育卻被排斥在主流教育之外,步履艱難,發展緩慢。

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Assignment代寫范文
Assignment代寫范文|英國職業教育
 
  In the 1760s,the first industrial revolution,mainly marked by the invention and application of steam engine,began in Britain.The vigorous industrial revolution transformed Britain from a backward agricultural country into an advanced industrial country."Sea hegemony","the sun does not set"empire,the largest colonial countries,these words are used to describe the British.As the country with the most developed industry at that time,it seems unjustifiable for Britain to have a sound vocational education system that is in line with the development of productivity.It is also undeniable that the industrial revolution in Britain really ignited the fire of vocational education.But,as history has shown,British vocational education at that time was always excluded from the mainstream education,and its progress was slow and sluggish.The author tries to explore the reasons why British vocational education lags behind European and American countries in the 19th century from the perspective of traditional culture,especially traditional education,and tries to provide references for the development of Chinese vocational education by starting with its reform measures.
       1760年代,以蒸汽機的發明和應用為主要標志的第一次工業革命始于英國,轟轟烈烈的工業革命使英國從落后的農業國轉變為先進的工業國,“海洋霸權”、“太陽不落”帝國,這是殖民地最大的國家,這些詞的使用英國作為一個工業最發達的國家,有一個符合生產力發展的健全的職業教育體系似乎是不合理的,英國工業革命確實點燃了職業教育的火,這是無可否認的。然而,當時的英國職業教育一直被排除在主流教育之外,其發展緩慢而遲緩,筆者試圖從傳統文化尤其是傳統教育的角度,探討19世紀英國職業教育落后于歐美國家的原因。并從改革措施入手,為我國職業教育的發展提供參考。
 
  When it comes to public schools,we have to mention the unique social characteristics of Britain.Britain is a typical aristocratic society."as early as the middle ages,the British aristocracy was the dominant class in the society,and the aristocratic spirit was the dominant value orientation.In this way,in the British society,a special education aristocracy was created to maintain the characteristics of the aristocracy,and at the same time,the middle class and the working class could keep up with the aristocracy.Public schools take on this responsibility in terms of secondary education.
       說到公立學校,我們必須提到英國獨特的社會特征。英國是一個典型的貴族社會。“早在中世紀,英國貴族是社會中的主導階級,貴族精神是主導價值取向。這樣,在英國社會,一種特殊的教育是歷史統治的產生是為了保持貴族的特征,同時,中產階級和工人階級可以跟上貴族的步伐,公立學校在中等教育方面承擔著這一責任。
 
  English public school has a long history,it was produced in the end of the 14th century,some historians believe that the origin of public school can be traced back to the establishment of Winchester school in 1382.The public school was initially funded by private donations or public funds.As most of the graduates of public schools were given religious posts of higher social status,in line with the British people's desire to become aristocrats,the status of public schools continued to rise."In the centuries before the industrial revolution,many of the children of the common people rose through public schools,similar to the imperial examination system in China.That is to say,public school was once the entrance and political stage of poor and outstanding youth."In order to limit the number of students,public schools began to adopt a fee system from the end of the 17th century.In the early industrial age,British public schools were known as the most aristocratic secondary education institutions in Europe and even the world.At the same time,it was the mainstream education in Britain for a long time.
       英國公立學校有著悠久的歷史,它產生于14世紀末,一些歷史學家認為公立學校的起源可以追溯到1382年溫徹斯特學校的建立。公立學校最初是由私人捐款或公共基金資助的。由于公立學校的大多數畢業生都獲得了救濟。IOU崗位的社會地位更高,符合英國人民成為貴族的愿望,公立學校的地位繼續上升。“在工業革命之前的幾個世紀里,許多普通人的子女通過公立學校升學,類似于中國的科舉制度。也就是說,公立學校的地位不斷提高。S曾經是貧窮和杰出青年的入學和政治階段。“為了限制學生的數量,公立學校從17世紀末開始實行收費制度。在工業時代早期,英國公立學校被稱為歐洲乃至世界上最貴族化的中等教育機構。同時長期以來,它一直是英國的主流教育。
 
  In terms of curriculum setting,classical courses such as Latin and Greek are the main courses in public schools,and the study of classical subjects is regarded as a sign of social hierarchy.By 1870,classical subjects still occupied about four-fifths of the school's class hours."In the concept of elite education in Britain,classical subjects play an irreplaceable role.Learning classical knowledge is not only the condition for aristocrats to obtain elite membership,but also the responsibility ethics of elite members themselves.Only when they truly master the value of classical subjects can they become a real gentleman.It'implies that mainstream ideology is the standard for interpretation and value judgment'.At the same time,public schools hold science and technology education in contempt.People think that the pursuit of scientific and technological knowledge is worthless."At the end of the 18th century,the headmaster of tenbridge school in England,vithamo Knox,believed that the public school was a"liberal education"."Bo"is the opposite of the narrow classes in business schools that teach vocational skills such as reading,writing and accounting,while"ya"refers to elegance,elegance and elegance.In his view,public schools should be dedicated to classical,elegant education,and the teaching of"mechanical,vulgar skills should be in secondary schools for the secondary class."
 
  Another component of Britain's traditional secondary education is the grammar school.English grammar schools refer to educational organizations established by churches,monasteries,individuals or groups for the purpose of imparting classical knowledge and grammar.Their graduates generally enter Oxford University and Cambridge university,or become officers,doctors,judges,teachers and other upper-middle class members of society.Grammar schools have a long history,going back even to Roman times.
 
  Throughout the history of grammar schools,we can find that grammar schools are obviously classical.Since grammar schools mainly cultivate politicians,orators and other upper class officials with extensive knowledge and eloquence,they have taken teaching classical language,rhetoric and grammar as the highest purpose and fundamental goal of education since its inception."In the 18th century,eton grammar school and Westminster grammar school were two famous schools.Classical learning is Paramount in schools,while subjects such as French,painting,sword dancing and mathematics are treated as additions,with only a small amount of study.The boys also learn bits and pieces about nature and society.Other large grammar schools,which continue to send students directly to university,are as committed to the teaching of classical subjects as these elite schools are to the teaching of classical subjects as the new elite schools in harrow or rugby are to the teaching of classical subjects,which is a sign of the quality of their schools.
 
  Huxley,a famous British scientist and educator,pointed out pointedly in the mid-19th century:"as for some famous public schools,when a student graduates with the highest honors,he may never have heard of modern geography,modern history and modern literature.But the teaching of Latin and Greek dominated...Therefore,when a student enters a university,he knows nothing except that he has received some faulty training in classics and mathematics.
 
  British higher education also advocates classical education.During the 600 years from the founding of Oxford and Cambridge universities to the end of the 18th century,the number of British universities did not increase,and Oxford and Cambridge universities remained in a monopoly position.Its educational purpose and curriculum have not changed during this period,that is,to adhere to classical humanistic education."In fact,until the 1680s,both universities were trying to exclude science and modern rationalist philosophy from their curricula,and still focused on scholasticism and classical subjects."At the same time,these two universities rejected professional education very much.People thought at that time:"although these two universities could not enable students to acquire professional skills,they could really shape a person's noble character".The student guide pointed out at the beginning of the educational literature that the university is a place to provide free education for priests and gentlemen,so its curriculum must take classical humanistic education as the core.Universities should neither be subjected to political pressure to become affiliated institutions or tools of the state and politics,nor should they be eager to get immediate benefits and accept so-called scientific or practical knowledge.It is the influence of this conservative and traditional classical educational thought that makes the achievements of scientific progress fail to be timely and fully reflected in the school curriculum.As the British philosopher and educator spencer pointed out,the shortcomings of British education at that time were very obvious,that is,"ignoring plants for the sake of flower surface,and forgetting the essence for the sake of beauty."In British universities,science and technology are recognised as a last resort.It can be said that before the 19th century,British university education showed a situation that was quite out of step with the technological progress at that time.Attending the beginning of the 19th century,the education idea of classicism as the core of the curriculum is still very popular in the UK,and occupies the dominant position in public schools,grammar schools,Oxford University and Cambridge university.These traditional British education schools ignored practical technology and natural science,so that these knowledge which was very important in Europe and America had no place in Britain.

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